How is the HAT Community Foundation Governed?

HAT Community Foundation (HCF) is governed by its membership and PDS owners, advised by an Ethics and Governance Board.
HCF takes oversight responsibility for the health of the PDS ecosystem on behalf of PDS owners and commercial partners everywhere, with an oversight role that business services and applications built on Dataswift One are compliant with both the technical and legal standards and the values of the trust framework set up under the original HAT Project.
HCF is a company limited by guarantee: its members have no beneficial ownership and there is no majority influence. The company’s Articles of Association include a social purpose ensuring directors are accountable to both the membership and to the community of PDS owners. A director majority is independent of Dataswift or any other participant in the commercial PDS ecosystem. All participants in the commercial ecosystem are required to become members of HCF.
The PDS Ecosystem Ethics and Governance Board, comprising independent experts, is established by HCF. It is expected that the Ethics Board will be convened initially in the first half of 2022. It will be funded by, but have budgetary and operating independence from HCF. Its main role will be to advise the HCF board on the development and implementation of the operating standards to be followed by all participants in the commercial ecosystem, including the application of sanctions for non-compliance. The HCF board is accountable to the membership and PDS owners for the development and implementation of the operating standards.
HCF is a start-up foundation and these arrangements will be matured and fully implemented as the PDS ecosystem develops. Aside from the governance levy imposed on Dataswift revenues, HCF income will be primarily from membership fees and grants from both public and private sector.

Who created the HAT?

The word ”HAT” alone doesn’t have a meaning unless it is followed by another word. The HAT refers to many things. See here.
Professor Irene Ng created the first concept of the HAT Microserver in 2012 and was awarded the grant funding in 2013. She subsequently won other grant projects to continue the research. The first data schema of the HAT Database was created by Professor Ng and the database model was created by Dr Xiao Ma, a co-founder of Dataswift. The open sourced HAT technical code was built by Dr Andrius Aucinas, another co-founder of Dataswift, who also built the first version of the technical platform. The combined technical, legal and economic code and the governance protocols and policies that operationalised the HAT Microserver into a business, and becoming Dataswift‘s Personal Data Accounts, was architected and created by Irene Ng who also took it to market as CEO of Dataswift.

Who were the original HAT research team members?

HAT Research Team (as at 2016)

The Investigators

  • Principal Investigator
    • Irene Ng - Professor of Marketing and Service Systems, WMG, University of Warwick


  • Jon Crowcroft FRS - Marconi Professor of Communications Systems, Cambridge Computer Laboratory, University of Cambridge
  • Roger Maull - Professor of Management Systems, Centre for Digital Economy, University of Surrey Business School
  • Glenn Parry - Associate Professor in Strategy and Operations Management, Bristol Business School, University of the West of England
  • Chris Speed - Professor of Design Informatics, Edinburgh College of Art, University of Edinburgh
  • Tom Rodden - Professor of Computing, University of Nottingham
  • Kimberley Scharf - Professor of Economics, University of Warwick
  • Ganna Pogrebna - Associate Professor of Decision Science and Service Systems, WMG, University of Warwick (HARRIET)
  • Xiao Ma - Senior Research Fellow, WMG, University of Warwick (HARRIET)

The Researchers

Funded Researchers
  • Andrius Aucinas - University of Cambridge
  • Chris Barker - University of Edinburgh
  • Ewa Luger - University of Nottingham
  • Anil Madhavapeddy - University of Cambridge
  • Helen Oliver - University of Cambridge
  • Laura Phillips - University of Exeter
  • Peter Tolmie - University of Nottingham
  • Susan Wakenshaw - WMG, University of Warwick
  • Nabeel Shaikh - WMG, University of Warwick
  • Martin Talbot - WMG, University of Warwick
  • Roger Cliffe - WMG, University of Warwick
Affiliate Researchers
  • Saeed Aghaee - University of Cambridge
  • Guo Lei National - University of Singapore
  • Charith Perera - The Australian National University
  • Nancy Olson - WMG, University of Warwick
  • Mark Skilton - University of Warwick

What are the original 6 briefing papers of the £1.2m 6-universities Hub-of-All-Things Project?

The HAT Project issued 6 briefing papers as the guide for the design and implementation of the HAT ecosystem. These papers were created from research over the 2.5 years of the HAT project that started in mid 2013 and finished end of 2015. They set out the vision and mission of the HAT ecosystem.

How much funding has been raised for HAT research?

Across 10 universities, HAT research has raised >£10m research grants.