Professor Irene Ng created the first concept of the HAT Microserver in 2012 and was awarded the grant funding in 2013. She subsequently won other grant projects to continue the research. The first data schema of the HAT Database was created by Professor Ng and the database model was created by Dr Xiao Ma, a co-founder of Dataswift. The open sourced HAT technical code was built by Dr Andrius Aucinas, another co-founder of Dataswift, who also built the first version of the technical platform. The combined technical, legal and economic code and the governance protocols and policies that operationalised the HAT Microserver into a business, and becoming Dataswift‘s Personal Data Accounts, was architected and created by Irene Ng who also took it to market as CEO of Dataswift.